Property Terrestrial Insects

The varied plant communities and microhabitats found on the property provide opportunities for an enormous diversity of terrestrial insects. The most showy are the butterflies including numerous Canadian Tiger Swallowtails and, occasionally, Monarchs. Sphinx moths have also been observed. Large ant hills are plentiful in many areas. The dry, clay, sparsely vegetated hills in the fields provide microhabitats in contrast to the moist wetland margins and shaded aspen forests fulfulling habitat requirements for many species.

It is very likely, due to the large diversity of insects, that it will take some time to document most of the species present. Below are very preliminary lists of species that have been recorded, or could potentially occur, on the property based on their distribution records, preferred habitats and adult or immature food requirements. (An asterix * indicates the species has been recorded from the property).

True Bugs (Homoptera & Hemiptera)

  • Cicadellidae (Leafhoppers)
    • Unidentified spp
  • Cercopidae (Spittle bugs)
    • Clastoptera obtuse
    • Leouronia quadrangulazs
    • Philaenarcys bilineata
  • Aphidae (Aphids)
    • Unidentified spp
  • Anthocoridae (Flowerbugs)
    • Anthocoris antevolens?
    • Anthocoris musculus
    • Orius tristicolor
  • Pentatomidae (Stinkbugs)
    • Unidentified spp
  • Miridae (Plant bugs, Leaf bugs, Grass bugs)
    • Stenodema trispinosa
    • Stenodema pilosipes
    • Litomiris debilis
    • Trigonotylus ruficornis
    • Trigonotylus americanus
    • Poecilocapsus lineatus
    • Agnocoris rubicundus
    • Capsus simulans
    • Lygidea salicis
    • Polymerus unifasciatus
    • Polymerus basiviftis
    • Polymerus venaticus
  • Miridae (continued)
    • Lygus unctuosus
    • Lygus potenitillae
    • Lygus rufidorsus
    • Lygus lineolaris
    • Lygus borealis
    • Lygus solidaginis
    • Lygus rubrosignatus
    • Lygocoris communis
    • Metriorrhynchomiris dislocates
    • Phytocoris lasiomerus
    • Phytocoris pallidicornis
    • Adelphocoris lineolatus
    • Adelphocoris rapidus
    • Slaterocoris breviatus
    • Lopidea minor
    • Lopidea dakota
    • Melanotrichus coagulatus
    • Melanotrichus brindleyi
    • Diaphnocoris spp
    • Orthotylus dorsalis
    • Pilophorus clavatus
    • Orectoderus obliquus
    • Chlamydatus auratus
    • Chlamydatus pullus
    • Plagiognathus alboradialis
    • Plagiognathus medicagus
    • Plagiognathus obscurus
    • Plagiognathus fuscosus
    • Lepidopsallus rubidus
    • Criocoils saliens
    • Psallus artemisicola

Orthoptera (Grasshoppers and Crickets)

  • Gryllidae (Crickets)
    • Ceuthophilus fusiformis
    • Scudderia pistillata
  • Conocephalidae
    • Conocephalus saltans
    • Conocephalus fasciatus
    • Anabrus simplex
    • Oecanthus nigricornis
    • Allonemobius fasciatus
  • Tridactylidae (Pygmy Grasshoppers)
    • Tetrix ornata ornate
  • Acrididae (Grasshoppers)
    • *Melanoplus sanguinipes (Migratory Grasshopper)
    • *Melanoplus packardii (Packard's Grasshopper)
    • *Melanoplus bivittatus (Two-Striped Grasshopper)
    • Melanoplus dawsoni
    • Melanoplus borealis borealis
    • Melanoplus infantilis
    • Melanoplus femurrubrum femurrubrum
    • Melanoplus bruneri
    • Spharagemon collare
    • Xanthippus corallipes latejasciatus
    • Encoptolophus sordidus
    • Camnula pellucida
    • Acrochorcutcs carlinianus carlinianus
    • Trachyrhachys kiowa kiowa
    • Metator pardalinus
    • Stethophyma gracile
    • Chloealtis conspersa
    • Chloealtis abdominalis
    • Chorthippus curtipennis curtipennis
    • Aulocara elliotti

Butterflies (Lepidoptera)

(Thanks to A. Leighton for assistance in identifying some of the butterflies.)

  • Meadow Browns (Satyridae)
    • *Northern Pearly-eye (Enodia anthedon)
    • *Common Ringlet (Coenonympha tullia)
    • *Common Wood Nymph (Cercyonis pegala)
    • Red-disked Alpine (Erebia discoidalis)
    • Common Alpine (Erebia epipsodea)
    • Uhler's Arctic (Oeneis uhleri)
    • Jutta Arctic (Oeneis jutta)
  • Brush-footed Butterflies (Nymphalidae)
    • *Mourning Cloak (Nymphalis antiopa)
    • Red Admiral (Vanessa atalanta)
    • *White Admiral (Limenitis arthemis)
    • Viceroy (Limenitis archippus)
    • Painted Lady (Vanessa cardui)
    • Compton Tortiseshell (Nymphalis vaualbum)
    • Milbert's Tortiseshell (Nymphalis milberti)
    • *Grey Comma (Polygonia progne)
    • *Satyr Comma (Polygonia satyrus)
    • Green Comma (Polygonia faunus)
    • Tawny Crescent (Phyciodes batesii)
    • *Northern Crescent (Phyciodes cocyta)
    • Pearl Crescent (Phyciodes tharos)
    • Gorgone Checkerspot (Chlosyne gorgone)
    • Variegated Fritillary (Euptoieta claudia)
    • Meadow Fritillary (Boloria bellona)
    • Silver-bordered Fritillary (Boloria selene)
    • Northwestern Fritillary (Speyeria hesperis)
    • *Atlantis Fritillary (Speyeria atlantis)
    • Aphrodite Fritillary (Speyeria aphrodite)
    • *Great Spangled Fritillary (Speyeria cybele)
  • Swallowtails (Papilionidae)
    • *Canadian Tiger Swallowtail (Papilio canadensis)
    • Old World Swallowtail (Papilio machaon)
  • Monarchs (Danaiidae)
    • *Monarch (Danautus plexippus)
  • Whites and Sulfurs (Pieridae)
    • *Cabbage White (Pieris rapae)
    • *Western White (Ponatia occidentalis)
    • Checkered White (Ponatia protidice)
    • *Mustard White (Pieris oleracea)
    • *Clouded Sulphur (Colias philodice)
    • Orange Sulphur (Colias eurytheme)
  • Gossamer-wings (Lycaenidae)
    • Striped Hairstreak (Satyrium liparops)
    • Coral Hairstreak (Satyrium titus)
    • *Bronze Copper (Lycaena hyllus)
    • Dorcas Copper (Lycaena dorcas)
    • Purplish Copper (Lycaena helloides)
    • Brown Elfin (Callophrys augustinus)
    • Hoary Elfin (Callophrys polia)
    • Northern Blue (Lycaeides idas)
    • Melissa Blue (Lycaeides melissa)
    • Greenish Blue (Plebejus saepiolus)
    • Arctic Blue (Agriades glandon)
    • *Western Tailed Blue (Everes amyntula)
    • *Silvery Blue (Glaucopsyche lygdamus)
    • *Spring Azure (Celastrina ladon)
  • Skippers (Hesperiidae)
    • Silver-spotted Skipper (Epargyreus clarus)
    • Dun Skipper (Euphyes vestris)
    • *Least Skipper (Ancyloxpha numitor)
    • Common Roadside Skipper (Amblyscirtes vialis)
    • Dreamy Duskywing (Erynnis icelus)
    • Peck's Skipper (Polites peckius)
    • *Arctic Skipper (Caterocephalus palaemon)
    • *Hobomok Skipper (Poanes hobomok)
    • Garita Skipperling (Oarisma garita)
    • Tawny-edged Skipper (Polites themistocles)
    • *Northern Cloudywing (Thorybes pylades)
    • Long Dash Skipper (Polites mystic)
    • Persius Dustywing (Erynnis persius)

Moths (Lepidoptera)

Beetles (Coleoptera)

Two-winged Flies (Diptera)

  • Mycetophilidae (Fungus Gnats)
    • Unidentified spp
  • Anthomyiidae
    • Unidentified spp
  • Tephritidae (Fruit Flies)
    • Unidentified spp
  • Bombyliidae (Bee Flies)
    • Unidentified spp
  • Muscidae (House flies and relatives)
    • Unidentified spp
  • Asilidae (Robber flies)
    • *Laphria sp
  • Calliphoridae (Blow Flies)
    • Unidentified spp
  • Syrphidae (Flower Flies)
    • *Platycheirus sp
    • *Sphaerophoria sp
    • *Syritta pipiens
    • Chrysotoxum deriuatum
    • Chrysotoxum pubescens
    • Chrysotoxum flauifrons
    • Dasysyrphus uenustus
    • Doros aequalisLoew
    • Epistrophe nitidicollis
    • Episfrophe etnarginata
    • Eupeodes americanus
    • Eupeodes latifasciatus
    • Eupeodes luniger
    • Eupeodes uolucris
    • Eupeodes lapponicus
    • Melanostoma mellinum
    • Paragus haemorrhous
    • Paragus uariabilis
    • Platycheirus angustatus
    • Platycheirus coerulescens
    • Platycheirus granditarsis
    • Platycheirus immarginatus
    • Platycheirus luteipennis
    • Platycheirus mod.estus
    • Platycheirus perpallidus
    • Platycheirus rosarum
    • Platycheirus scambus
    • Scaeua pyrasfri
    • Sphaerophoria asyrnmetrlco
    • Sphaerophoria contigua
    • Sphaerophoria philanthus
    • Syrphus ribesii
    • Syrphus toruus
    • Syrphus uitripennis
    • Toxomerus marginatus

Ants, Bees and Wasps (Hymenoptera)

Lacewings (Neuroptera)

References:

Acorn, J. 1993. Butterflies of Alberta. Lone Pine Publ.

Allard, S.H. 2013. Manitoba Butterflies: A field guide. Turnstone Press, Winnipeg, MB.

Anderson, R.S. & Peck, S., 1985, The carrion beetles of Canada and Alaska: Coleoptera: Silphidae and Agyrtidae, Insects and Arachnids of Canada Handbook Series, 13, 121

Beadle, D. and S. Leckie. 2012. Peterson Field Guide to Moths of Northeastern North America. Houghton Mifflin Harcourt, Boston.

Bright, D.E., 1993, The weevils of Canada and Alaska. Volume 1: Coleoptera: Curculionoidea, excluding Scolytidae and Curculionidae, Insects and Arachnids of Canada Handbook Series, 21

Bright, D.E., 1976, The bark beetles of Canada and Alaska: Coleoptera: Scolytidae, Insects and Arachnids of Canada Handbook Series, 2

Bright, D.E., 1987, The metallic wood-boring beetles of Canada and Alaska: Coleoptera: Buprestidae, Insects and Arachnids of Canada Handbook Series, 15

Hamilton, K.G.A., 1982, The spittlebugs of Canada: Homoptera: Cercopidae, Insects and Arachnids of Canada Handbook Series, 10

Hooper, RR. 1973. Butterflies of Saskatchewan. Saskatchewan Dept. of Natural Resources.

Layberry, RA, PW Hall and JD Lafontane. 1998. The Butterflies of Canada. University of Toronto Press.

Kelton, L.A., 1980, The plant bugs of the Prairie Provinces of Canada: Heteroptera: Miridae, Insects and Arachnids of Canada Handbook Series, 8

Vickery, V.R.& Kevan, D.K.McE.Kevan, 1986, The grasshoppers, crickets, and related insects of Canada and adjacent regions: Ulonata: Dermaptera, Cheleutoptera, Notoptera, Dictuoptera, Grylloptera, and Orthoptera, Insects and Arachnids of Canada Handbook Series, 14

Vockeroth, J.R. 1992. The Flower Flies of the Subfamily Syrphinae of Canada, Alaska,and Greenland (Diptera: Syrphidae).Insects and Arachnids of Canada Handbook Series, Part 18.

Williams, P., R. Thorp, L. Richardson and S. Colla. 2014. Bumble Bees of North America: An Identification Guide. Princeton University Press, Princeton.